9 February 2012, 18:00 h, Central Military Club, Sofia
On 9 February 2012, The Atlantic Club of Bulgaria and the Embassy of Italy to Bulgaria, with the support of the Italian Institute for Culture in Sofia, organized a public lecture by professor Massimo de Leonardis, entitled “From the Wars Among States to the Conflicts in the XXI Century: a Historical Perspective”.
The event was organized on the occasion of the newly published book by prof. Massimo de Leonardis, entitled “Ultima Ratio Regum. Military Power and International Relations”, which is divided into two main parts: the connection between diplomacy, revolution and different forms of war and a conception of a just war and cases of its application. The author pays attention to the newly international operations after the end of The Cold War, in which Italy took part.
During the event were presented important issues referring to the relations between foreign policy and the use of military force in a historical perspective, as well as the role of diplomacy as a tool preventing the use of military force.
Prof. Massimo de Leonardis commenced his speech by underlining the constant presence of war as a fact in the history and psychology of the human society. While in the past we had been eyewitnesses to wars which were too conventional and common, today they were between countries and resistant movements. Prof. de Leonardis also underlined the role of war as a political instrument, which defined the strategy and development of countries for years.
Prof. Leonardis also underlined that in the 21st century asymmetric conflicts were being observed, such as: commenced military acts by a coalition of countries against one country, which in some cases upheld resistant movements behind which did not stand the specific principals of international law.